Theories of PNI
Fascination with the bodyâ€™s overall functioning has compelled researchers and practitioners to theoretically deconstruct and reconstruct the body over many centuries. That fascination endures from interest in how the bodyâ€™s mental, immunological, hormonal, and psychological systems influence and interact with one another. As a result, it might be difficult to imagine the links among these systems identified in psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) as a new field of study. Based on this underlying theory, contributing theorists from various fields continue to build on the study of PNI to de-compartmentalize the bodyâ€™s systems in the treatment and prevention of disease.
For this Assignment, select one of the following theorists who has a theory that aligns well with your understanding of the mind-body connectionâ€™s influence on health:
Walter Cannon: Fight or Flight Response; Homeostasis
R. Lazarus and Susan Folkman: Ways of Coping George Solomon: Connections Between Emotions, Stress and Immune Function
Richard Lazarus: Emotional Appraisal of Stress before Biological Response
Niels Jerne: Immune system tolerance to â€œselfâ€ tissues influencing development of autoimmune diseases, and T and B cell communication
Hans Seyle: General Adaptation Syndrome, Stress and Eustress
Robert Ader: Psychoneuroimmunology
Ivan Pavlov: Conditioned Response of Automatic Biological Functions
Then, search the Walden Library for at least two research studies that challenge a theory associated with the theorist you selected. Consider how the research addresses that theory and whether it changes your understanding of the mind-body connectionâ€™s influence on health. Finally, think about the influence that theory and the research it generated might have on your practice as a health psychology professional.
The Assignment (3â€“5 pages):
Submit an APA-formatted essay that includes the following:
A description of the theorist and the theory you selected that most agrees with your understanding of the mind-body connectionâ€™s influence on health
An explanation of at least two research studies that challenge the theory you selected
An explanation of your conclusions based on the studies that critique the research based on that theory
An explanation of the influence this theory and the research it generated might have on your practice as a health psychology professional
Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.
Abbas, A. K., Lichtman, A. H. & Pillai, S. (2016). Basic immunology: Functions and disorders of the immune system (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Chapter 1, â€œIntroduction to the Immune Systemâ€ (pp. 1â€“24)
Chapter 2, â€œInnate Immunityâ€ (pp. 27-52)
Chapter 3, â€œAntigen Capture and Presentation to Lymphocytesâ€ (pp. 55-77)
Chapter 4, â€œAntigen Recognition in the Adaptive Immune Systemâ€ (pp. 79-101)
Friedman, H., Klein, T.W., & Friedman, A.L. (Eds.). (1995). Psychoneuroimmunology, stress, and infection, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.Copyright 1996 by TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP LLC – BOOKS. Reprinted by permission of TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP LLC – BOOKS via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Bonneau, R. H., Padgett, D. A., & Sheridan, J. F. (2007). Twenty years of psychoneuroimmunology and viral infections in brain, behavior, and immunity. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 21(3), 273â€“280. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Irwin, M. R. (2007). Human psychoneuroimmunology: 20 years of discovery. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 22(2), 129â€“139. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Kiecolt-Glaser, J.K., & Glaser R. (1989). Psychoneuroimmunology: Past, present, and future. Health Psychology, 8(6), 677â€“682. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Cancer Prevention Research Center. (n. d.). Transtheoretical model. Retrieved from http://web.uri.edu/cprc/detailed-overview/
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